Have you ever wondered how soap is made? All of our lives, soap has always been a part of our daily needs. That bar of soap that we use for washing has proved its worth to us. Wouldn’t it be an interesting venture to learn soap making? It is quite a simple hobby that requires a lot of creativity. Once you learn the basics, you will instantly get hooked.
Scientifically, soaps are just salts of fatty acids formed form the process of saponification. To make soaps, fatty acids or oils are mixed with a base. This is the basics of making soaps. Even if you see a million varieties of soaps out there, you have to understand that saponification is main principle behind them.
Soap making is a simple process. Mixing lye and water is the first step in making soap. This is the intial step since lye and water causes an exothermic reaction. These must be stabilized before proceeding with adding the additives. Once the mixture is homogenous, it can be poured in a mold and cured.
The first things that you have to ensure when making soap are the weights of your ingredients. Remember that soaps are made under a chemical reaction. It goes unexplained that the reaction must be completed order to get the ideal soap. Remember that too much of a certain ingredient may be harmful for the skin.
Next is choosing the method for soap making. The major processes of soaps are the cold process, hot process, melt and pour soap and transparent soap method. You just have to pick the right method that you are comfortable in. With the right method, you will be able to make a whole batch of soaps perfectly.
The pH of soaps must be controlled. Even if soaps are basic, there is a certain range that soaps need to be in. The liquid soap must be tested by dropping phenolphthalein. The drop must change into a light pink color. If the color change is too dark, then the soap is too basic and unfit to be used for the skin. A light pink change in color indicates that the pH is within 7 to 9.
Additives which are added in the soap mixture are very important. These give specific characteristics to the soap. The most common additives are essential oils. These are very fragrant and perfect for aromatherapy. Adding a small amount of additives can give a big effect to the final soap mixture.
Soap making is indeed an interesting activity. Instead of using the usual soaps that you buy, you can choose to make your own. Since you decide what you put in your soaps, it will be a more enjoyable activity. Once you start with creating your own soaps, you will surely get hooked in soap making.
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