The cold process of soap making is fairly easy to do, even for beginners or advanced soap makers. Before starting the soap making process, be sure to have all of your ingredients ready. Aside from fats and lye solution, you will also need fragrance oils, dyes, soap cutters and mixers, soap making herbs and wooden molds as these are much easier to extract soap from. Once you have your ingredients ready, you can now start with the soap making process.
The first thing that you need to do is wear protective equipment as lye is a very dangerous substance. It can corrode the skin when it comes in contact with it, and it fumes can also cause damage to the lungs when inhaled. Wearing gloves, goggles and face masks are a must when handling lye.
When you are ready, you can start by adding lye into water while continually mixing the mixture until all of the lye is dissolved. Be careful as this can heat up significantly even without fire so use a container that will be able to withstand large changes in temperature. Generally, lye is added to water in a 1:3 ratio.
The next step is to add the oils in the liquid mixture. In the cold process, you always have to make sure that you have all the ingredients measures accurately. Less amount of oil will retain unreacted lye in the mixture. At the same time, with excess oil, the soap will not harden. Continually mixing should be done until saponification.
Upon the completion of the saponification process, it is time to add into the mixture the rest of the ingredients. These may be the fragrances, dyes and other additives which would enhance the properties of the soap that you are making.
Take the soap mixture and pour it in molds that you have ready. This will make your soaps look more beautiful since there are a lot of shapes that you can have for your soaps. Start readying your soap cutters and be creative with the appearance of your soaps.
You should strictly follow the curing time in the cold process of soap making. The molds must be covered for at least 18 hours using a towel. Once the soaps are hard enough to be handled you can now start cutting them. After this, you should leave the soaps to air-dry for 3 to 8 weeks before you can actually use them.
The cold process of soap making is very easy to do. You can try and try different soap designs and ingredients to get the product which you actually like. Once you have perfect this, you can now start with more ideas for making soaps.